A Thriving, if Peculiar, Institution
While slavery faded in the North, the states in the American South watched massive increases in the institution, until more than 4,000,000 enslaved people toiled in its fields. Clearly the states west of the Appalachian Mountains had the largest increase, with the Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi
“Black Belt” experiencing the greatest gains.
Texas served as the future of slavery. With acreage rapidly disappearing in the east, planters eyed the Lone Star State and the place to set up the next generation of slave owners in business.